Herod Philip 4 BC - 34 AD
Ruler: Herod Philip
Date: 31 AD
Reference: Hendin 540
We have another son of Herod the Great: Herod Philip. He is a half brother to both Herod Archelaus and Herod Antipas. His territory will be east of Galilee and include the area of Gaulinitis, Trachonitis, Banaea and Paneas.
It would seem logical at first that a few of his coins would travel to Jerusalem since some of his population, who were Jewish, would want to go there to worship. But there is a problem. Philip put living images on his coins, which was strictly forbidden in Jewish law. The image we find on the coin shown below is the head of Livia the mother of Tiberius. He will also mint coins with the portrait of the Emperor and even a portrait of himself. It seems that most of the population he ruled were not Jewish and therefore were comfortable with these images on the coins.
Because of the use of forbidden imagery on his coins, because of the small Jewish population in his territory who would be traveling to Jerusalem and because of the scarcity of these coins in general, they would be considered a long shot for both the Widow’s Mite or to be found on the moneychangers table.