Mattathias Antigonus 40 - 37 BC
Ruler: Mattathias Antigonus.
Date: 40-37 BC
Reverse: Dbl Cornucopia
Reference: Hendin 483
Hyrcanus II had secured his power with the help of the Roman Empire. So when Julius Caeser was assassinated and the Roman government was disorganized Mattathias Antogonus used this moment to work with the Parthians and other anti-Romans factions to remove Hyrcanus II from office and take over as King himself. To secure the legitimacy of his rule both he will issue coins in keeping with the Hasmonaean style.
I should note that as the Romans reorganized around Caesar Augustus there would be a desire to bring Judea back into the fold. It will be at this point that the Romans will name Herod, King of Judea so that at this time in history Judea will have two kings: Mattathias Antigonus with Parthain support and Herod with Roman support. Herod will also at this point mint coins to give credence to his legitimacy as King.